Amy Gardner -Educational Advocacy / Special Education
Do you suspect your youth has special needs? Come learn how to help them succeed and how to advocate for their educational needs. The difference between a Section 504 plan and IEP will be explained, as well as eligibility requirements for special services.
Amy Gardner and her husband Mike are experienced parents and foster parents who have cared for 14 medically fragile infants. Amy is the volunteer director for Capital Kids Connections in Cowlitz County, an FPAWS Board member and is the lead for the 2013 Pacific Northwest Caregiver Conference.
Mike Canfield - Working with Aggressive Youth
This training applies to all ages.
Washington State Aggression Replacement Training (ART)
ART: A Comprehensive Intervention for Aggressive Youth © 1997 by A.P. Goldstein, B. Glick, J.C. Gibbs, is available through Research Press, www.researchpress.com.
Once thought to be instinctive, aggression has been shown to be primarily a learned behavior, learned by observation, imitation, direct experience, and rehearsal (Goldstein, Glick, Gibbs 1997).
As youth develop and learn how to survive in their environments, they may find aggression is needed and rewarded. Once they move into the world with strangers, their learned behavior may conflict with expectations of others. Without the skills and temperament needed to get along with others, they will rely on what they know works …aggression.
Most youth discover that getting along with others is helpful in getting their own needs met. They will use cooperative skills and work to be liked by others. For youth that fail to learn these competencies, the world becomes a challenging place.
Research and Literature demonstrate that these youth are weak in or lack many of the personal, interpersonal, and social-cognitive skills that collectively constitute effective pro-social behavior. Their impulsiveness and over-reliance on aggressive means to get their needs met reflect a deficiency in anger control. With respect to values, these youth tend to respond at a more egocentric, concrete, and in a sense more primitive level of moral reasoning (Goldstein, Glick, Gibbs 1997).
ART addresses these three areas with a training that is easy and fun for those who attend. The effectiveness of the training has been researched by the Washington State Institute for Public Policy. Their findings show that for every dollar the state spends on ART, over $11.00 is saved. (www.wsipp.wa.gov)
ART is typically taught during three one hour classes per week for ten weeks. ART covers Social Skills Training, Anger Control Training and Moral Reasoning Training. In a school setting this can be modified by adding addition courses from Goldstein’s ‘Prepare Curriculum’ also found at Research Press. These additional courses could include Empathy Training, Situational Perception Training or Character Education.
Mike Canfield – Washington State ART Master Trainer/Consultant Beth and I have been foster parents since 1983.